what is pediatrics?
Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends people be under pediatric care up to the age of 21, though usually only minors under 18 are required to be under pediatric care. A medical doctor who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician or pediatrician. The word pediatrics and its cognates mean "healer of children".
How does nutrition affect child development?
Nutrition affects child growth and development in a number of ways.
Malnutrition makes the child become susceptible to infectious diseases which might make the child become more malnourished and fail to grow and develop well because of lack of essential nutrients.
The nutrients such as omega 3 fatty acids have been noted to be pivotal for cognitive development.Children deficient in these nutrients might later on not do well in school and thus jeopardize their future prospects.
Malnourished girls may later on become malnourished mothers who will also bear malnourished children if the malnutrition cycle is not broken thus leading to generational effects of very short or slim people who even if they eat much they may not grow well due to some processes called "foetal programming" which might have occurred in the womb of the mother.
People who are short have been noted to suffer more from mortality and sickness compared to their tall counterparts.Thus nutrition is a global developmental priority as the nutrition of children have even far reaching consequences to the growth and development of the world at large.
Reference: Dyana Dade