(Medical Student at Universidad Central del Caribe- School of Medicine)
First Year Medical Student at Universidad Central del Caribe- School of Medicine in San Juan, P.R. Current awardee for the American Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Summer Medical Student Fellowship. Poster Presenter at the AACAP 66th Annual Meeting on "Internet Gaming Disorder Prevalence in the Hispanic Adolescent Community".
Internet Gaming Disorder Prevalence in the Hispanic Adolescent Community
Rosario-Fusté, Ariana, Soto-Raíces, Ohel
In a world were technology advances have affected human interactions and health, a new disorder known as “Internet Gaming Disorder” (IGD) has been officially added to the Diagnostic Statistic Manual 5 (DSM-5). Scientist from different academic fields have investigated the prevalence, risk factors and consequences of IGD among many populations but unfortunately, most of these investigations are focused on non- Hispanic communities with the exclusion of Spain. Due to the lack of information, there is a scientific and social need to create more IGD studies that focus on the Hispanic community in countries such as Puerto Rico in which IGD investigations are either lacking or in preliminary stages. For this reason, the aim of this study was to develop a meta-analysis of IGD in the Hispanic adolescent community in order to establish if there is a prevalence of this disorder in this population and its effects on academic performance and social interactions. A search was conducted in PubMed using keywords such as “adolescents”, “internet gaming disorder”, “internet addiction” and “Hispanic” in oder to find articles that met our inclusion criteria of (1) Hispanic population and (2) adolescents 12-18 years of age. After careful exploration, only five articles met our inclusion criteria. Due to different methodologies, variables, sample size and number of studies, a meta- analysis is not supported. These articles have several findings that support our primary aim such as an association of IGD with “anxious/depressed” feelings, hostility, negative family relationships, aggressive emotions, certain personality traits, risk factors and negative consequences. The results from these articles suggest that IGD can cause psychological, emotional and behavioral changes in the adolescent Hispanic community. Since these findings mostly reflect a small portion of the Hispanic population (mainly Spain), it is evident that further research should be conducted in other Hispanic populations, like Puerto Rico. Furthermore, there is a need for a specific psychometric tool that studies IGD prevalence and factors in the Puerto Rican population that considers its culture, language, and social interactions.